England is the seat of the former British Empire, which over three centuries grew to cover one-fourth of the world’s surface.

Country Overview

England is in the south of the island of Great Britain. It is the seat of the former British Empire, which over three centuries grew to cover one-fourth of the world’s surface, and today exists as the dominant constituent unit of the United Kingdom, which also includes Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. It was the world’s first industrialized country, converting raw materials from its colonies into manufactured goods. Its influence in the world diminished considerably during the 20th century, partly because of the effects of the two world wars, yet the United Kingdom remains a major economic and military power. The capital, London, is a financial center for Europe. No place in England is more than 120 kilometers from the sea.


England has warmer maximum and minimum temperatures throughout the year than the other countries of the UK, though Wales has milder minimums from November to February, and Northern Ireland has warmer maximums from December to February. England is also sunnier throughout the year, but unlike Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland, the sunniest month is July, totalling 192.8 hours. It rains on fewer days in every month throughout the year than the rest of the UK, and rainfall totals are less in every month, with the driest month of July averaging 54.1 mm (2.13 in). The climate of south-west England experiences a seasonal temperature variation, although it is less extreme than most of the United Kingdom.


$2,200,000,000,000 (2006 est.)



Overview of Higher Education

Higher education in England dates back to the 13th century and the universities of Oxford and Cambridge. Today they are only two of roughly 89 universities and 60 other institutes (primarily university colleges and colleges) of English higher education.

The main undergraduate degree is the bachelor’s, which takes three years to complete. Undergraduate courses in subjects such as medicine, veterinary medicine, teaching, and law typically require five years of study.
Master’s and the doctorate degrees take one and three years to complete, respectively.

(Sources: BBC, Encyclopedia Britannica, British Council, The Europa World of Learning)

Number of Colleges, Universities, Technical Institutes

Number of Colleges, Universities, and Technical Institutes (total): 133

Number of Colleges, Universities, and Technical Institutes (private/non-state): 1

Number of Higher Education Students

Number of students enrolled: 1,392,630

Number of international students enrolled: 167,115

Contact Information

The British Council
Web site:

Web site: