Artists Debate Whether the Discipline Needs a Doctorate

Greg Kendall-Ball for The Chronicle

Nil Santana, an instructor of graphic design and photography at Abilene Christian U., is studying for a Ph.D. through the Institute for Doctoral Studies in the Visual Arts.
May 13, 2012 Premium content for subscribers. Subscribe Today

John S. Powers used to rely on a mix of intuition and impulse to create his art.

Then he spent four years doing what very few artists do: earning a doctorate.

After completing his Ph.D. from the University of the Arts in Berlin, he found that his...

This content is available exclusively to Chronicle subscribers