How much did Pennsylvania State University officials know about the allegations against Jerry Sandusky? And why did no one act to stop him sooner?
Louis J. Freeh, the former FBI director, has released a long-awaited report that provides some answers. We're tracking developments—and taking stock of what's next, for Penn State and for its much-criticized former administrators.
On Monday the NCAA avoided hitting Penn State's football program with the so-called "death penalty," but levied severe sanctions against it, including:
1.) A $60-million fine.
2.) A four-year ban on postseason play.
3.) Five years of probation.
4.) A four-year reduction of grants-in-aid.
5.) Vacation of wins since 1998.
The report describes a series of missteps across the university, from the athletic department to the Board of Trustees.
Interactive: Follow the Email Chains
Investigators uncovered dozens of e-mail messages in which top administrators discuss how to respond to allegations against Jerry Sandusky.
Thus far Graham Spanier has not faced criminal liability for his role. That may soon change.
Recommendations: A Call to Overhaul 'The Penn State Way'
In more than 100 bulleted suggestions, the document lays out how the university should change its culture, governance, and compliance policies.
Clery Act: 'Profound' Ignorance of Reporting Rule
It was a rare campus official who knew, in 2001, the full scope of his obligations under the federal campus-crime-reporting law.
Penn State | Read the full statement
"Judge Freeh's report concludes that certain people at the University who were in a position to protect children or confront the predator failed to do so. There can be no ambiguity about that."
Graham Spanier's attorneys | Read the full statement
"Judge Freeh’s conclusion ... that Dr. Spanier was engaged in a course of 'active concealment' is simply not supported by the facts or by the report itself."
Joe Paterno's family | Read the full statement
"Joe Paterno wasn't perfect. He made mistakes and he regretted them. He is still the only leader to step forward and say that with the benefit of hindsight he wished he had done more."
Tim Curley's lawyer | Read more
"The Freeh Group was limited in its investigation by lack of subpoena power. ... The result is a lopsided document that leaves the majority of the story untold."
Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Corbett | Read the full statement
"There are monsters among us; people who will hurt children for their own sexual gratification."
NCAA | Read the full statement
"[T]he university has four key questions, concerning compliance with institutional control and ethics policies, to which it now needs to respond."
Penn State student leaders | Read the full statement
"The results of the investigation may leave us angry and shocked; but remember that WE the students will move the university forward from this situation."
Documents uncovered by the Freeh Group may paint a damning portrait of Penn State's administrative decision making, if early reports are a guide.
July 1, 2012: Intimations of What Officials Knew
Officials huddled over the Sandusky allegations in 2001—and records show that the conversation was about "a report of suspected child abuse."
June 28, 2012: Probe Shifts to Awareness at Top Levels
The Freeh Group interviewed more than 400 people, focusing on what went on inside Old Main, the university's administrative building.
March 22, 2012: One Student's Look Inside the Investigation
Rodney Hughes, a member of Mr. Freeh's nine-person committee, explained why the Sandusky case is a seminal one.
Senior VP of finance and business (1993-2011)
Athletic director (1993-2011)
• Resigned in November 2011 | Link
• Facing charges of lying to a grand jury and failing to report abuse
• Background: Supported 'Professional Help' for Sandusky, Not Notification
Head football coach (1966-2011)
Primary counsel (1980-2008)
• Acted as Penn State's chief lawyer
• Did pro bono work for The Second Mile, Jerry Sandusky's charity
• Background: Repeated Interventions on Paterno's Behalf
Which Officials Are Implicated? Read our breakdown
The Freeh Report was released at 9 a.m. Thursday. Chronicle reporters are annotating the report in real time, providing insights on what the Freeh Group has found and what it means for the university.