August 18, 2017

Volume 63, Issue 43

Highlights

Two Southeastern states have taken different directions on access: One has reined in tuition. The other state let it grow.

Also In the Issue

Just under half of the full-time instructional staff at tribal and historically black colleges were female.

Average salaries at most institutions were below $50,000.

Of the more than 900,000 faculty members in the U.S. without tenure status, nearly half were on contracts of less than a year's duration.

Nearly half of the instructional staff employed at American institutions of higher education worked at doctoral universities.

Women made up about a quarter of professors at doctoral institutions with the highest and higher research activity, and a third elsewhere.

Over five years, the proportion of presidents who were members of minority groups climbed by about four percentage points.

The head of a campus museum had the greatest median salary at four-year institutions, and a Level-1 library cataloger had the lowest.

Women's pay was closest to men's in the position with the lowest female representation: top executive.

Two-year and four-year for-profit institutions paid higher average salaries than completely distance-education institutions in other sectors did.

Salaries were highest among professors at institutions that mainly served traditional full-time, degree-seeking students.

Nearly two-thirds of college presidents who worked their way up within higher education were previously provosts.

Women were underrepresented in computer science, earning only about 20 percent of the associate, bachelor's, or doctoral degrees in the field.

Institutions with endowments valued at less than $25 million decreased their effective spending rates, on average, by more than half a percentage point.

The proportion of associate degrees grew fairly steadily, while bachelor's degrees have declined since 2005. 

Many of the large gifts to universities in 2016-17 were devoted to the advancement of biomedical and other scientific research.

The market value of Harvard University's endowment dropped by nearly $2 billion in a year, but it is still far larger than any other university's endowment.

Personal giving from alumni and other individuals declined from the previous year in the 2016 fiscal year.

Median assets per student were more than four times greater at private nonprofit institutions than at public institutions.

Per-student spending at colleges whose library materials were at least 85 percent digital ranged from $60 to $768.

Three research institutions had at least 10 Fulbright scholars in the 2016-17 academic year.

Online or digital journals and databases, along with e-books, consumed more than 70 percent of academic libraries' materials budgets.

Salaries and wages of professional staff members represented from 15 percent to 37 percent of total library spending.

Nearly two-thirds of expenditures at four-year for-profit institutions went to student services, and academic and institutional support.

Higher-education institutions spent nearly $68.7 billion on research and development in the 2015 fiscal year.

The Johns Hopkins University and the University of Washington led in such spending in the 2015 fiscal year.

Of the 177 private degree-granting institutions that fell short, 112 were nonprofit and 65 were for-profit.

Doctoral universities and associate colleges each enroll almost a third of all students.

On average, public doctoral institutions had at least twice the enrollment of any other type of institution.

More than a quarter of all undergraduate students in the United States were 25 or older in the fall of 2015.

The share of undergraduate students who were 25 and older has dropped since 2011, and has fallen even more significantly since the 1990s.

Female graduate students who were 25 and older were more likely than their male counterparts to be from 35 to 64 years old.

More than a third of first-time college students expected their families to contribute $10,000 or more to help pay for their freshman year.

Asians had the highest overall rate of returning for a second year to the same institution where they started.

At seven of the 40 colleges that were the most diverse in their sectors, more than 30 percent of students reported being of two or more races.

Four-year public institutions were the only sector with consistently positive growth over the past two years.

By the end of 2015, the total student-loan debt balance had risen to more than $1.2 trillion, accounting for over 10 percent of all household debt.

Of the more than 44 million people who owed money on student loans, nearly two-thirds had balances of $25,000 or less.

The 30 universities with the largest share of first-year Pell Grant recipients were all in the public sector.

Women accumulated more debt than men at every level of higher education.

The University of Phoenix-Arizona received more than $1.1 billion in federal aid for Pell Grants and federal student loans for undergraduates.

More than 80 percent of graduate students at four-year for-profit institutions were taking courses exclusively through distance education.

Coursera, founded in 2012 by two computer scientists at Stanford University, has a strong lead in the total number of learners.

Of the 20 institutions with the greatest number of such students, 12 were for-profit, five were private nonprofit, and three were public.

China's totals were still well ahead of India's, but the number of students from India jumped by 25 percent over the previous year.