August 02, 2017

The Profession

Want to know who is well compensated in higher education and who is less well paid, or to explore the divisions between full-time professors and faculty members working on temporary contracts? Examine these and other factors in this collection of 27 tables.

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At small, out-of-the-way colleges, and in departments of all kinds, some people worry that the supply of qualified faculty members from abroad may diminish.

Women made up about a quarter of professors at doctoral institutions with the highest and higher research activity, and a third elsewhere.

Public institutions that paid the most tended to be in states with high costs of living, like California and New York.

Nearly two-thirds of nonresident-alien employees were tenured faculty members at the University of Kentucky and Reed College.

Both Asians and nonresident aliens were most highly represented in the occupational category "graduate assistants."

Deans of medicine, dentistry, and law earned the highest median pay.

In just one such executive post did racial and ethnic minorities represent more than 20 percent of job holders.

The most highly compensated chief executive earned $5.5 million. Most of that came from a deferred payout.

Three of the eight leaders who made $1 million or more were in Texas.

Over five years, the proportion of presidents who were members of minority groups climbed by about four percentage points.

Nearly two-thirds of college presidents who worked their way up within higher education were previously provosts.

Two-year and four-year for-profit institutions paid higher average salaries than completely distance-education institutions in other sectors did.

In two of the three executive positions in which women's median salaries exceeded men's, female representation was relatively low.

Salaries were highest among professors at institutions that mainly served traditional full-time, degree-seeking students.

Just under half of the full-time instructional staff at tribal and historically black colleges were female.

Average salaries at most institutions were below $50,000.

Twenty-five public and three private nonprofit universities employed more than 3,000 graduate assistants each.

Three research institutions had at least 10 Fulbright scholars in the 2016-17 academic year.

Women's pay was closest to men's in the position with the lowest female representation: top executive.

The largest occupational category was office and administrative support, representing more than 20 percent of such employees. 

Public institutions paid professors in the health professions more, on average, than private nonprofit institutions did.

Nearly half of the instructional staff employed at American institutions of higher education worked at doctoral universities.

Only a third of faculty members at all colleges were tenured or on the tenure track in the fall of 2015.

Of the more than 900,000 faculty members in the U.S. without tenure status, nearly half were on contracts of less than a year's duration.

Overall percentage pay increases for administrators have exceeded the inflation rate for the past five years.

The head of a campus museum had the greatest median salary at four-year institutions, and a Level-1 library cataloger had the lowest.

Instructors at private, independent institutions got the highest increase, followed by instructors at public institutions.

Many institutions on the list are medical colleges or health-science centers, or comprise them.