How Much Has Faculty Pay Changed Over Time?
This page collects the most recently available federal salary data for faculty at institutions of higher education. Data is available for 3,500 institutions and is broken down by gender and academic rank.
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Here’s a sector-by-sector look at changes in average annual pay for faculty members at institutions of higher education from 2012-13 to 2020-21. Jobs can be sorted by professor, associate professor, assistant professor, instructor and lecturer. For more compensation data, visit our companion page about noninstructional-employee pay.
Salary data for the 2020-21 academic year:
About the data
Data come from the U.S. Department of Education’s Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (Ipeds), which comprises degree-granting U.S. colleges that participate in Title IV funding. The faculty data refer to full-time, nonmedical, instructional staff (either “instructional only” or “instructional combined with research and/or public service”) as of November 1 of the corresponding academic year.
Academic rank is usually assigned by each institution and includes professors, associate professors, assistant professors, instructors, lecturers, and those with no academic rank. “All ranks” includes all faculty.
In reporting faculty pay data since 2012-13, Ipeds provides the total number of faculty members, categorized by gender and length of contract, as well as the total amounts paid to them.
“Type” is based on highest degree granted. Only colleges with at least three faculty members in a given set (rank and gender) will display an average salary.
Average salaries for U.S., states, and types are generated by multiplying the nine-month-equivalent average salary of an institution times the number of faculty members in that rank. Those numbers are then divided by the total number of the faculty in each category (U.S., state, or type).
Correction (Jan. 10, 2022, 12:14 p.m.): Average salary amounts for U.S. private 4-year colleges, Pennsylvania colleges, and Pennsylvania private 4-year colleges were updated to reflect the changes to Washington & Jefferson College. Additionally, the buttons for instructors and lecturers were mislabeled within the instititution's detail view, which has been corrected.
Update (March 2, 2022, 6:07 p.m.): This table has been updated with the most recently available provisional 2020-21 data from Ipeds. Previously the table contained data from the preliminary release.
Clarification (March 3, 2022, 5:36 p.m.): Willamette University data has been updated to reflect revised data submitted by the college to the Department of Education. US and Oregon averages have also been updated to reflect the corrected data.