Our teaching-and-learning experts give you insights on what works in the classroom. Delivered on Thursdays. Teaching is written by Beth McMurtrie and Beckie Supiano. We love hearing from readers, so please don’t hesitate to reach out to us directly. You can also read more articles about teaching and learning.
From: Beth McMurtrie
Subject: How to Help Struggling Students Succeed Online
- Two online-teaching experts offer advice on designing support for students.
- I share guides to help you help students with learning disabilities.
- I point you to other resources to assist your transition to remote teaching.
**We know things are in flux on many campuses. It’s a stressful time, and we will be following the coronavirus story closely. Please let us know what you think we should be covering along the way. And if you’d like to join our Facebook group for further conversation with people at other colleges, and with the Chronicle staff, you can find it at Higher ed and the coronavirus.**
How to Help Students Learn Online
As instructors across the country move to remote teaching, many are worried about students who are already at a disadvantage. How can professors support them during this challenging time?
Maybe these students come from underresourced high schools or are the first in their family to attend college. Maybe they need additional academic support as they struggle to manage their time, devise good study habits, and engage in class.
Connecting with students — all students — becomes that much more difficult remotely. On top of that, students may now be spread across different time zones or lack access to Wi-Fi and laptops.
I asked two experts in online learning for tips on how to keep struggling students from falling through the cracks: Melody Buckner, associate vice provost for digital learning initiatives and online education at the University of Arizona; and Alexandra M. Pickett, director of online teaching at Open SUNY. Both of them oversee large online learning programs within their universities and have years of experience teaching online and training others to do so.
Here are a few of their suggestions.
Remember that many students find remote learning a challenge. It’s important to keep all students in mind as you think about who might need extra help, including those who are not as digitally literate as others. “Those could be students from all walks of life,” says Buckner.
Be proactive. Reach out to all of your students early, and often. Circumstances change, so what may seem doable in week one may not be true in week four. “Check in with them and try to understand what they’re grappling with,” says Pickett. Were they able to get home? Are they in an environment that’s conducive to learning? Do they have the necessary gear and internet access? Do they need to work or take care of family members? Do they have access to health care?
Be as low-tech as possible. Reach out through your learning-management system or by email to check in with students. Don’t assume people have the ability to hop on a live Zoom call.
Be authentic in your interactions. “Faculty presence in an online course is critical,” says Buckner. “When I record my lectures, I'm a one-take wonder. If my dog is barking I say, ‘Hold on, my dog is barking.’ I don’t stop and rerecord. That makes me real to students. I’m not just this person who is a content expert. I’m at home doing a lecture with my dog in the background.”
Hold office hours. You could post certain times when you’re available online, or ask students to email you with requests to talk.
Offer options. Students now may be in different time zones, have limited data plans and no Wi-Fi, or may not have a quiet space to study. Giving them more than one way to participate in discussions and complete assignments will allow them to figure out what works best for their situation. “Maybe you stream your lecture but then save it,” says Buckner. “Maybe it’s just an audio file, so students can download it later.” And be sure to caption the video to provide access to all students.
Be flexible, but not too flexible. Learning-management systems, while problematic, exist for a reason, says Pickett. They’re portals with which you can take attendance, communicate, post grades, and generally keep track of everything relatively easily. If you allow students to use a variety of tools to communicate and submit work, that could create problems with classroom management. “If everyone is using Gmail and someone writes in as pinkpony22 and doesn’t sign their name,” she says, “who the heck is that, and which class is that?”
Turn to experts on your campus. Whether they’re in the library, the teaching-and-learning center, the tutoring center, disability support services, or some other office, your college has experts who can provide support, training, and guidance for you and your students. Maybe your library has a loaner-laptop program or can find open-educational resources for your students. Maybe the tutoring center can provide remote one-on-one sessions. Or the tech department can help students figure out where they can find free Wi-Fi in their town. Don’t be afraid to ask.
Have you found a particular strategy that works well in helping students feel connected and supported? If so, drop me a line at firstname.lastname@example.org, and your story may appear in a future newsletter.
Serving Students With Disabilities
A number of disability-rights advocates have expressed concern that students with special needs will get lost in the abrupt transition to remote learning. If you need guidance as you shift your class, the Association on Higher Education and Disability has posted some helpful links on its site, including Maintaining Access to Opportunity in the Face of the Coronavirus Crisis, edited by Jane Jarrow, president of Disability Access Information and Support.
Support for Transitioning to Remote Teaching
Many organizations have compiled advice guides for remote learning. Educause’s Online Learning page has posted a few, along with a list of internet providers and what they’re doing to help expand internet access.
Diann Maurer, an instructional designer, started a site to connect online-learning professionals with instructors who need help moving online quickly. It’s called the Instructional Design Emergency Response Network. If you’re a designer and would like to volunteer your time, or you’re an instructor who needs help, check out the website.
John Broome, an associate professor of education at the University of Mary Washington, started a Facebook group, the Online Learning Collective, to support the transition to remote teaching. It already has more than 20,000 members.
Chronicle Resources on the Coronavirus
Chronicle readers know we’re covering the coronavirus from many angles, including its impact on adjuncts, on faculty research, and on students. It can be a lot to absorb, so start here to keep track of all that we’re doing and learn how to stay connected with us and with others in higher education.
If you want to read a compilation of our news and advice pieces focusing on teaching, you can download our new, free report: Moving Online Now: How to Keep Teaching During Coronavirus.